Besides these four basic stages of sleep, another, unique, stage of sleep exists, rem this stage gets its name from the darting eye movements that accompany it (rapid eye movement), as indicated by the eog interestingly enough, it was not until 1953, that dement and kleitman discovered that the fact that this unique stage of sleep was. The study by dement & kleitman on sleep and dreaming was conducted in a controlled laboratory environment outline two controls which ensured the procedure was the same for each participant from the study by dement & kleitman on sleep and dreaming. The authors mentioned that, although dement 21 and dement and kleitman 18 thought that the depth of this sleep stage was intermediate between waking and sleep (slow wave sleep), jouvet's team estimated that it was a deeper stage however, in this paper, slow wave sleep is still called “deep sleep. Dement and kleitman (1957) rem and dreams - powerpoint ppt presentation the presentation will start after a short (15 second) video ad from one of our sponsors.
In the late 1950’s, researchers william dement and nathaniel kleitman documented that humans sleep in 90-minute cycles – from light to deep sleep and back to light sleep again professor kleitman later discovered that a similar pattern happens when we are awake – from a state of alertness to physiological fatigue. Start studying dement and kleitman learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Dement and kleitman (sleep and dreaming) thigpen and cleckley (multiple personality disorder)  17 discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the cognitive approach using one of the studies listed. Dement and kleitman maintain that the multiple awakenings did not disrupt these patterns, as similar patterns had been found in a previous experiment (dement & kleitman 1955) if the patient was woken during a rem period, subjects would usually report a dream.
Dement, w & kleitman, n (1957) the relation of eye movements during sleep to dream activity: an objective method for the study of dreaming journal of experimental psychology, 53, 339-46 bibliography. Describe the first part of the basic procedure of dement and kleitman's study instructed to eat normally, avoid caffeine or alcohol on the day of experiment two or more elctrodes were attatched near the eyes via eog, and two or more electrodes were attatched to the scalp via eeg. Take a look at our interactive learning note about dement and kleitman (1957), or enhance your knowledge by creating your own online notes using our free cloud based notes tool. While aserinsky finished his medical program and left the labs, william c dement (1976) filled his place and soon was able to characterize sleep in stages part of understanding that the rem state is different is that it is a physiologically different state than waking or other kinds of sleep.
When dement and kleitman discovered that rem sleep was a distinct state in 1953, it led them to reclassify the stages of sleep, separating rem from the other four stages of non-rem and giving us the model we use today. Dement and kleitman• now - ps awakened through the night to test their dream recall• 21 awakenings in first 2 hrs of sleep• 29 awakenings in 2nd 2 hrs of sleep• 28 awakenings in 3rd 2 hrs of sleep• 22 awakenings in 4th 2 hrs of sleep. There is a significant accosiation between rem sleep nad reported dreaming there is a significant correlation between the estimate of time spent dreaming and the measurement of rem sleep. Resources to cover the dement and kleitman study on rem sleep and dreaming in the biological approach for cie psychology resources for as/ a level include study detail sheet, short answer questions (with full answers) and extended answer questions (with answers.
Dement and kleitman william dement and nathaniel kleitman carried out a study in 1957 , in which they revealed a correlation between rem sleep and dream recollection this study introduced the beginnings of the sleep staircase by measuring brain activity using an eeg. Dement core study: 5 the relation of eye movements during sleep to dream activity: an objective method for the study of dreaming and kleitman (1957. Eugene aserinsky in 1953 aserinsky, while working under the direction of kleitman in a sleep study laboratory, was the first to observe the rapid eye movements – rem – now known to occur during dreaming. [q]use dement and kleitman (sleep and dreaming) to discuss the benefits of gathering quantitative data  [a] data such as frequency and voltage of brain waves very accurate therefore reliable [and validdata such as eye movements can be recorded in relation to brain activity to give accurate comparisons.
Dement, w and kleitman, n the relation of eye movements during sleep to dream activity: an objective method for the study of dreaming 1957 - journal of experimental psychology. Study flashcards on psychology- dement and kleitman at cramcom quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more cramcom makes it easy to get the grade you want. Dement and kleitman demented and kleptomania hypothesis 1) there is a significant association between erm and reported dreaming hypothesis 2) there is a significant positive correlation between the estimate of time spent dreaming and the measurement of erm sleep.
In the 1950s, kleitman and dement refined the techniques of all-night sleep recording, including measurements of eye motion and eegs of brain activity these measurements then were used to chart the sequence of sleep patterns, including dreaming, over the course of a night. Our professor, dr dement, helped discover the presence of rem sleep and its connection to dreaming in 1952, with fellow phd student eugene aserinsky and their adviser, nathaniel kleitman interesting stuff.
Section a questions 1 (a) they used taxi drivers because of their extensive training required in order to acquire the knowledge to become a licensed london cab driver the training is usually very intense over a period of two years and then in their jobs dement and kleitman 4. Independent learning: dement and kleitman dement and kleitman: the relation of eye movements during sleep to dream activity learning objectives. Dement and kleitman were sceptical about this type of interpretation, and wanted to establish a more scientific method, using technology aims the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between eye movements and dreaming. Classroom resources for aice psychology welcome to dr alper's aice psychology here you will find resources for both the 9990 as and a2 psychology courses.